Difference between revisions of "Electronics Enclosures"

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[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=954&p=7698&hilit=enclosure#p7693 Re: Any interest in a breakout to tidy up the wiring?](GRBL Tidy Case - Clamping Version)[http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:34285]
 
[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=954&p=7698&hilit=enclosure#p7693 Re: Any interest in a breakout to tidy up the wiring?](GRBL Tidy Case - Clamping Version)[http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:34285]
  
[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=677&p=5575 Electronics Faceplate (front panel)]
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[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=677&p=5575 Electronics Faceplate (front panel)] Installed: [http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=382#p9913 (another cigar box)]
  
 
[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=524&p=4358 Shapeoko electronics enclosure and a bookshelf (plywood enclosure for the power supply, arduino, cut-off switch etc.)]
 
[http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=524&p=4358 Shapeoko electronics enclosure and a bookshelf (plywood enclosure for the power supply, arduino, cut-off switch etc.)]

Revision as of 12:17, 12 February 2013

Contents

Overview

An enclosure is just that; it encloses your electronics from the outside working conditions. It serves a dual purpose; first by keeping your electronics clean and tidy while also isolating live wires, but also protecting electronics from flying debris, dust, falling objects, etc... An enclosure is just as important as the CNC machine itself!

Case

A basic enclosure consists of a case, connectors, a fan or two, and all of your electronics. The case is the skeleton of your enclosure. It will protect your electronics from anything that my harm them. However, if certain things aren't taken into account your electronics can fail from a poorly constructed case. A case can be as simple as a plastic milk crate or wooden box or as robust as a custom metal housing or a purchased project box. This is really up to you on how professional or sophisticated you want it to look. We'll discuss more about this below.

Heat

Heat will probably be your biggest enemy in an enclosure. If proper circulation isn't provided, your electronics can very well melt. There are several ways to combat this though, some including but, not limited to are fans, heatsinks, or a peltier device.

Fans

You need to allow for air to circulate through your enclosure, if it is enclosed on all sides, and whisk away the heat produced by your electronics. The best way to due this is by mounting a fan on your enclosure, much like the fans on a desktop computer.

Heatsinks

Heatsinks are another good idea and when coupled with a fan your electronics will love you. Also, look in to a peltier device as an alternative to a heatsink.

Bare Wires

Bare Wires and improper grounding can be another demise to your electronics, especially if your enclosure is made of metal. Be sure to heat shrink any bare wires to keep them from shorting out. I know electrical tape may be an ideal solution to some, but as it ages, it will dry and fall off exposing the wires. Improper grounding could be an issue as well but, provided you set up your electronics correctly, you should be fine.

Connectors

Connectors will make your life easy when you need to move your machine. They are simple to use yet often over looked. Just remember to get a connector that meets your voltage and amperage specifications.

Types

More to be added

Miscellaneous

Listed below are items you'll want to check out for making your enclosure the best it can be:

Forum Links

Here are some threads from the ShapeOko Forum on enclosures. (Updates will follow to include all threads)

My Electronics Work (pretty box)

Roo's build (nifty cigar box)

Electronic Enclosure (cut clear acrylic w/ CAD files)

Re: Any interest in a breakout to tidy up the wiring?(GRBL Tidy Case - Clamping Version)[1]

Electronics Faceplate (front panel) Installed: (another cigar box)

Shapeoko electronics enclosure and a bookshelf (plywood enclosure for the power supply, arduino, cut-off switch etc.)

Seeed "Acrylic Project Skeleton" Enclosure

My Build Log - now with more Drive Shaft! (metal box)

Re: AtomCNC (GRBL Board) (Acrylic design)

Designing a Case (Acrylic design)

ShapeOko to eShapeOko (Mach3 control box)

Spindle Control Box

Pictures

Wfa-shapeoko-enclosure-tools.JPG Enclosure made of Lego bricks, tools used for assembly, and failed print attempts from before stripping wire overwrap and adding cooling fan.